James MacGregor Burns was born August 3, 1918. He was a n inspiring man who looked for an approach to understand transformational leadership. Burns was one of the first authors to touch on a more philosophical approach to understanding and describing leadership. He was a political scientist, a historian, and a president biographer. Burns distinguished leadership scholar at the James MacGregor Burns Academy of Leadership, and he received the Pulitzer Prize for his biography. Burns focuses on research regarding the transformational leadership theory, which has a main focus on how leaders approach power. The transformational theory is as follows:
When one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality.